The oesophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach. The lower oesophageal sphincter is a ring of muscle at the bottom of the oesophagus that acts like a valve between the oesophagus and stomach.
Normally, the stomach is completely below the diaphragm. In individuals with hiatus hernia part of the stomach slides through the diaphragm, the muscular sheet that separates the lungs and chest from the abdomen, and protrudes into chest cavity. Hiatal hernia is more common and affects people of all ages.
A gallstone, is a lump of hard material usually range in size from a grain of sand to 3-4 cms. They are formed inside the gall bladder formed as a result of precipitation of cholesterol and bile salts from the bile.
Keyhole hernia surgery has evolved over the last decade. Over this time the global trend for the keyhole repair of inguinal hernia has been towards the totally extra peritoneal (TEP) repair. The main advantage of this technique is that the peritoneum (the cavity containing the abdominal contents) is not entered.
Gastric cancer is the cancer that develops from the cells of the inner layer of the stomach. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells. The accumulation of these extra cells forms a mass of tissue called tumour.
Oesophageal cancer (also called cancer of the oesophagus) is a malignant tumour that grows in the lining of the oesophagus. The oesophagus (the gullet) is the tube that carries food from the mouth down into the stomach using a series of muscular movements.
Barrett’s oesophagus is a rare condition in which the lining of the oesophagus, the tube carrying food from the mouth to the stomach changes and looks like the stomach lining. It is also mostly diagnosed in men older than 40 years.
Mr Senapati completed his higher surgical training from the University of Wales, Cardiff. In 2000 he undertook a travelling fellowship to Sloan-Kettering Memorial Hospital, New York to enhance his knowledge and understanding...
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